Caring for a newborn requires a lot of time, energy and learning. After a baby is born, there are many ways to achieve optimal health for the infant. Infancy is a sensitive and critical time and babies need very special attention and care.

New parents should educate themselves and seek out resources on appropriate care and safety techniques such as rear-facing, properly installed car seats, laying a baby on his or her back to sleep, taking time to just play with baby, and breastfeeding. It is also important to attend regular check-ups to measure the infant’s development.

Infant mortality refers to the death of a baby prior to the first birthday. Although infant mortality rates are declining in Canada, it is still important for parents to take measures to protect against risk factors for infant death.